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We live in a world that is becoming increasingly networked. We have long since become accustomed to vent technologies in our everyday lives. Sometimes we are not even aware of this, because digital offers seem to be taken for granted. This practice is ubiquitous in urban areas, where more and more people live and work in a confined space in a smart city. In the following article, we take a closer look at the concept of the Smart City and reveal what lies behind this term.
Smart City: The Digital City of the Future© Deutsche Telekom AGDefinition: What is a Smart City?
A smart city is a concept that pursues the goal of making coexistence in a city sustainable and efficient in the future as a strategic and ongoing process. All over the world, urban planners are facing major challenges arising from globalization and growing populations. The demand for innovative, efficient and networked systems for mobility, energy, environmental protection or communication is increasing.
Smart infrastructures offer us added value, make daily life easier in many ways and ultimately improve the quality of life. Simply put, a smart city is something like an Internet of Things with intelligent services and offers. Smart cities improve the relationship between citizens, administration and business and create important prerequisites for the careful use of resources.
The concrete implementation in practice takes place in the interaction of wireless and super-fast radio networks, smart end devices and innovative applications. In the coming years, the 5G communication standard will open up new opportunities to connect people and devices with each other. How does a digital city work?
A smart city has a technological infrastructure with three important building blocks:SensorsNetworkingData
In a connected city, the existing structure is equipped with sensors. They collect information and transfer the data in real time to a cloud, where the data is stored and archived. Thanks to the extensive networking of devices and applications, the data for smart technology certain processes can be retrieved and processed again. In concrete terms, processing means that the digital data is used, for example, for an analysis or the presentation of events. In a smart city, these can be very different areas. Examples of judicial projects in a Smart City
Smart city concepts are now more than a vision for the future, but firmly anchored in our usual daily routine. A nice example of this is the smartphone app of the local transport company. With their help, citizens or tourists can find the fastest way from A to B and binaire can book and pay for the right ticket. This use case exemplifies what smart cities offer. Those who travel by public transport and use these smart offers save time and make a contribution to environmental protection.
Another project is smart parking solutions. Sensors in the parking lots detect the space and detect whether the space is occupied by a vehicle or free. The user can retrieve this data in real time via an app or record it via digital signposts. As a result, he receives the information without much effort, which parking space in the vicinity is still free.
A similar technology is hidden behind smart waste management in a city. Here, garbage cans and containers are also equipped with sensors. You shall notify the responsible company of the filling quantity at any time. With artificial intelligence or by a logistics specialist, the routes of the vehicles can be individually adapted to current needs.
Sensors collect countless data and define states, which in turn automatically trigger a certain action. For example, even heaters or light sources in buildings can be controlled manière, depending on how many people are still in the premises or not. In this way, energy is saved and the environment is sustainably strengthened. These are the advantages of Smart Cities
Smart City concepts are digital solutions for future challenges and questions in our global society. How do we deal with pollution? What are we doing to combat scarcity of raw materials? What are the consequences of demographic change and population growth in urban areas? In addition to these questions, there are other topics from the economic, social and political spectrum. Smart city strategies try to present the right answers.
In a sustainable city, projects such as environmentally friendly mobility concepts or an energy industry that conserves resources therefore play an important role. Even today, there are judicial transport systems in many cities, which give priority to public transport at intersections by greening the traffic lights.
In addition, renewable energy sources are increasingly being installed to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels. These include photovoltaic systems on the roofs of buildings that supply electricity. Likewise, models of the sharing economy exert a positive influence on the environment and social interaction. People’s living climate is improving. Digital processes also promote the image of a city and the relationship of citizens with its administration. In a smart city, authorities offer numerous online services, for example when an appointment is made at the citizens’ office via the Internet to apply for identity documents – fully automated. In addition, residents participate intelligibly in decision-making processes, for example by providing information or opportunities for co-determination.
Ultimately, smart city projects always have a positive effect on overall economic growth, giving the city a competitive advantage. This development, in turn, attracts new businesses and residents. In the end, the entire urban society benefits from a Smart City.Smart Cities: Added value for citizens
However, smart city is more than a new technology. The concept puts the human being in the foreground. The demand of citizens is increasing and the desire for digital innovations that provide quick help in everyday life is increasing. He should feel safe and comfortable in the modern city.
The development of smart solutions in the public space of large cities therefore requires appropriate cooperation and participation of rénover interest groups. The earlier the involvement in decision-making processes takes place, the greater the benefit for the future Smart City.
The term “smart” does not only describe a mix of IoT solutions. It strengthens and promotes the link between administration, citizens and business. In addition, this network is no longer reserved for large cities, but also a useful topic for smaller cities and municipalities. There, too, the Internet of Things (IoT) can improve public safety or facilitate the search for free parking spaces.
European cities such as Copenhagen or Vienna are now among the metropolises with a high quality of life. They invested early on and with a lot of energy to solve people’s problems with stakeholders in a meaningful way, instead of changing them from top to bottom. The current Smart City strategy of the Danish capital “Let’s shape Copenhagen together” shows this approach and gabarre sustainability. Based on the vision of strengthening city life, people are encouraged to work outdoors or use the bicycle for daily mobility, for example.
There are also positive examples of the integration of IoT into everyday life in German cities. Municipalities such as Bad Hersfeld, Monheim am Rhein or the digital city Darmstadt have successfully launched a smart city initiative.